By General Info
Knee Joint Ligaments
A ligament is a tough band of elastic connective tissue that helps support a joint and limit movement that is unwanted. There are four major ligaments in the knee that connect the femur and the tibia:
• The Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) gives stability to the inner part of the knee.
• The Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) gives stability to the outside of the knee.
• The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is located in the center of the knee and it controls forward movement of tibia and rotation.
• The last major ligament in the knee is the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) located in the center of the knee that controls backward movement of the tibia.
Knee Ligaments are crucial to the stability and support of the knee due to the anatomy of it not having any boney protection. Because the knee relies heavily on the support of these ligaments they are easily injured whether it be from contact or a quick force of muscle contraction like a change in direction.