The quick answer is that a sprain is an abnormal stretching or tearing of a ligament or ligaments. Ligaments are tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones in a joint. Although sprain is commonly confused with the term strain, this is actually incorrect.
Strains refer to injuries of tendons, the elastic tissue that attaches muscles to bones. Both sprains and strains are relatively common injuries that affect everyone from professional athletes to weekend warriors. Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries known. A sprain is not just limited to the ankle joint; a sprain can occur in any joint that sustains stress. You can get a sprained foot, shoulder, wrist, or knee. Ligament sprains can be broken down into three categories:
A sprain is different than a strain. A strain a stretching or tearing that occurs in muscles or tendons.
Sprains can occur for many reasons. A sprain usually comes from forceful overstretching of a joint. This can include:
Certain factors may also contribute to an increased risk of injury in individuals. These can include:
Diagnosis of a sprain can typically be determined by taking a history of the injury. Your MD may ask you questions about how the injury occurred. Depending on the situation and severity, an x-ray or MRI may be taken to confirm the diagnosis or to rule out other injuries. The sprain will then be graded on how much damage has occurred to the ligament.
Taping and bracing can be used to help add additional support to any given joint. However, these solutions may be temporary. It is important that any individual not become dependent on the assistance for more effective, permanent results.
Doing Strength and balance exercises can help you to adapt while exercising. This can help prevent sprains.
The Jacksonville Orthopedic Institute is here to help you if you have a sprain or any other injury. JOI is taking precautions to keep you safe during COVID-19. Go HERE to learn more.
If you or a loved one think you may have a sprain, call JOI-2000 to schedule an appointment or click the link below.