Lower Back Pain

Lower back Pain JOILower Back Pain Image

What is Lower Back Pain?

The quick answer is that lower back pain refers to any pain or discomfort experienced in the lower region of the spine, which is also known as the lumbar spine. This area supports most of the upper body’s weight. Usually, this specific type of back pain is extremely common and affects about 80 percent of adults around the world. Luckily for us, there are many lower back pain remedies effective treatments to alleviate or eliminate lower back pain.

What are the Symptoms of Lower Back Pain?

The lower back contains numerous structures including ligaments, bones, tendons, and nerves. These structures all contain pain receptors which can cause various symptoms. Some examples of lower back pain symptoms include:

  • Achy and dull pain.
  • Muscle spasms.
  • Local soreness or tenderness with touch.
  • Pain that moves down one leg or in the groin, buttock or upper thigh.
  • Stiffness and difficulty moving due to pain.
  • Tingling or “pins-and-needles” sensations.
  • Numbness or weakness.

Causes of Lower Back Pain

If you continue to struggle with lower back pain and have any of the symptoms listed above, it probably needs to be addressed before it gets worst. The most frequent factors contributing to lower back pain are:

Strained Ligaments or Muscle Tissues

This happens when you improperly lift heavy objects, twist your back or overstretch.  The ligaments in the spine provide support to the bony structures of the spine.  The muscles and tendons of the spine provide dynamic movement.  When injured the muscles and tendons can spasm to protect the spine. 

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal column narrows, placing pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. This issue can lead to pain, numbness, leg weakness and sensory loss due to a pinched nerve in your lower back. 

Spinal Structure issues

Congenital anomalies of the spine can cause lower back pain as they upset weight distribution and strain tissues, ligaments, and nerves. Scoliosis, a curvature of the spine, and lordosis, an abnormally accentuated arch in the lower back

Herniated or Ruptured Discs

When a disc in the lumbar region becomes herniated, its inner layer comes through its hard casing by way of an infirmity or break. As this extra matter leaks into the affected area, nerves are pinched and pain occurs. When a disc is ruptured it is no longer able to properly cushion and stabilize the spine.Disc degeneration may be a cause of lower back pain. Image of Different Types of Disc Degeneration

Disc Degeneration

Disc degeneration increased your chances of having spinal problems and can lead to distressing lower back pain.  Discs begin to change due to many factors such as age, smoking and previous injuries. 


Radiculopathy describes the pain that results when when irritation in the low back cause pain to travel down the buttocks, hip and leg.  The goal in therapy is to decrease this pain or symptom first.  Centralized low back pain is better than having radiculopathy. 


A common form of radiculopathy is sciatica. This causes sharp and burning lower back pain, accompanied by pain through the buttocks and down one leg. Occasionally even reaching the bottom of the foot.

Sciatica can lead to lower back pain.Image of Sciatica in the body.Arthritis

Inflammatory diseases like arthritis cause an irritation of the joints of the low back pain.  There are different forms of arthritis which can affect the spine. 

SI Joint Dysfunction

The joints where the spine attach to the pelvis are called the Sacroiliac joints.  Dysfunction of the SI joints can cause pain in the Lower back and legs.

Non-Surgical Treatment Options to Treat Lower Back Pain

Depending on your symptoms, medical history, physical state, your MD may recommend several nonsurgical treatment options to treat lower back pain. 

First, your MD may recommend having x-rays, MRI or CT Scans to help pinpoint the actual reason for your lower back pain. Sometimes your condition can be easily managed by over-the-counter medication, ice packs and heating pads. Also, your MD may recommend a course of physical therapy. 

Physical therapy will often work with patients to strengthen their core muscles in order to alleviate back pain. Lower back stretches, as well as lower extremity stretches, may help relieve your lower back pain.

If you want to learn more about low back pain, go to: https://www.joionline.net/trending/content/low-back-pain.

Low Back Pain Physical Therapy

If you are interested in receiving physical therapy, visit us at one of our 11 rehab physical therapy centers or three spine centers. 

JOI Telemedicine

All JOI and JOI Rehab patients now have the option to do telehealth appointments from home. 

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI MD's are offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000 or click the link below.

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