If you're a runner, the right running shoe matters! It's NOT about the look or the brand. It's about the type of foot you have and how they fit.
Wearing running shoes that fit correctly and are designed for your foot type, can help to prevent and alleviate many overuse conditions. These conditions which are seen in runners include:
When running, the foot has 2 jobs.
Your foot’s structure determines how well it can do both things. Different foot types require different types of shoes. So many runners that we see in physical therapy, have the wrong type of shoe for their foot.
Foot types can be classified into one of 3 major groups.
2. Feet with Flat Arches or, Pes Planus Feet - This type absorbs forces well. However, this foot type tends to over-pronate at push off and does not propel the body forward as well. This over pronation occurs when weight shifts to the inside of the foot while pushing off. Runners with this foot type are more like to develop iliotibial band syndrome or runner’s knee.
3. Feet with Normal Arches - This falls somewhere in between a pes cavus or pes planus foot. This represents a normal or a good foot alignment. You could still have issues with type of foot.
Shoe construction also falls into three major categories which match up to the three foot types.
Don't choose running shoes based on:
Choosing running shoes based on these factors can lead to being unsatisfied with the purchase and injury.
Orthotics can be used in running shoes if needed. Most of the time, orthotic inserts are use with pes planus or flat feet. The orthotics can help support the foot and limit the extra motion with running.
Custom orthotics are typically better off the shelf orthotics because they can be designed for the runner's specific needs. Custom foot orthotics are offered by JOI Rehab for $140. We use the Footmaxx system to scan your feet with a force plate that you walk on. We use the scan to create your custom fit orthotic insert.
Other considerations for orthotics may include metatarsal pads with running to help with metatarsalgia.
When choosing your next pair of shoes, before you consider color, brand, or price--consider the shoe type. In order to prevent injury and to get the most out of your shoes, make sure that your foot type matches up with the type of shoes that you buy.
For specifics on what type of construction a particular model of shoe is can be found at a reputable shoe retailer or from resources from the manufacturer.
Your physical therapist will also be able to direct you to the appropriate shoe choice based on your foot type and/or injury.
If you have an injury or need to figure our the correct running shoe for you, the Jacksonville Orthopaedic Institute can help. JOI is Northeast Florida's largest and most respected sports medicine provider. To see a JOI Sports Medicine or Orthopedic Doctor, call (904)JOI-2000, schedule online, or click the link below. To see a JOI Rehab Physical Therapist in 1 of our 12 locations, call (904)858-7045.