Whiplash Injury

By Ben Evans PT, DPT

Whiplash Injury

JOI Whiplash Injury

Pain in cervical spine

Causes of Whiplash

-Motor Vehicle Accidents
-Fall on stairs
-Football, basketball, lacrosse, baseball, boxing, rugby etc.


x-ray or MRI can be performed after a whiplash injury to rule out fractures, ligament, muscle and tendon damage.

Signs and symptoms:

-Muscle guarding
-Generalized non-specific pain
-Vague visual, hearing, and swallowing

Red Flag tests therapist should perform:

-Alar odontoid integrity test
-Cruciate ligament test
These tests should be performed to rule out damage to important cervical structure.

Physical Therapy Treatment:

PT will focus on decreasing muscle guarding with soft tissue massage and other manual therapy techniques. Pain modalities which include; TENS, moist hot pack or cold pack, mechanical traction, US can be used to help patient alleviate pain and improve ROM. The therapist will focus on cervical range of motion and mobility to establish normal range of motion during functional tasks. Strength training of the deep neck flexors and scapular stabilizers will help establish stability and control of the neck motions after whiplash injury. The therapist should also assess thoracic mobility after whiplash injury because this can be an area that gets stiff and tight after.

If you need to schedule an appointment with a Neck Orthopaedic Specialist, please call JOI-2000 or click the link below.


Where is Telemedicine frequently used?

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. Our physicians and Telehealth for Physical Therapy can evaluate you and provide the care you need.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.


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