What is Bursitis?

By General Info

What is Bursitis?


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Bursitis is an inflammation or irritation of the bursa. A bursa is a fluid filled sac between tissues that reduces friction between tissues such as tendons, bones, muscles and skin. Often, mild trauma or repetitive stress to an area will cause bursitis. As the body ages, bursae can tolerate less stress and may be more prone to developing bursitis. Some activities that are at higher risk for developing bursitis include gardening, raking, carpentry, shoveling, painting, scrubbing, tennis, golf, throwing and pitching. Poor posture and I sufficient stretching prior to activity can lead to bursitis as well. The most common symptom of bursitis is pain.

Bursitis Pain

The pain may develop slowly or develop suddenly and become severe rather quickly. Bursitis can also lead to “adhesive capsulitis” or a frozen shoulder which is a severe loss of motion in the shoulder. Bursitis can be prevented with proper stretching prior to activity, avoiding activities that aggravate the pain, icing the affected area and taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatories.

Treatment Options for Bursitis

Treatment for bursitis may include corticosteroid injections at the injured site to treat the inflammation at the source and alleviate the pain. In some cases, physical therapy is prescribed to address weaknesses or inflexibility in the surrounding muscles both of which can predispose the tendons to tendonitis.  Therapy could also include modalities such Ultrasound, Ice, Heat and Laser Treatments.  JOI’s team of dedicated physicians, physical therapists, and athletic trainers are ready to help you get back to activity.

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