Understanding Rotator Cuff Tears and Repairs

By Kevin M. Kaplan, MD

Understanding Rotator Cuff Tears and Repairs by Dr. Kevin Kaplan

This article will discuss rotator cuff injuries and they repaired surgically.  The rotator cuff muscles are made of four muscles: Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Subscapularis and Teres Minor.

Shoulder anatomy

Rotator Cuff Muscles

Rotator Cuff tears are common injuries to the shoulder joint and can produce a significant amount of pain and dysfunction.  These tears often occur in sports like baseball and football.

Prevention of Rotator Cuff Injuries

A prevention program should include flexibility, strengthening and endurance of the rotator cuff.  Athletes really need to focus on these smaller rotator cuff muscles.  The strengthening exercises are very specific to each of the muscles.  This is often overlooked in weightlifting programs in a gym.  Here are some of the rotator cuff strengthening exercises:

External Rotation with Band

External Rotation with Bands

Internal Rotation with band

IR With Band

Shoulder flexion t band start position

Shoulder Flexion with Bands

Horizontal Abduction

Prone Abduction of the Shoulder

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