By Ehren Allen, DPT, COMT
Shoulder arthroscopy is an advanced, minimally invasive, surgical technique that pays big dividends in the diagnosis and treatment of many shoulder disorders. It involves using the high definition, video arthroscope, “scope,” through a series of small 1-2 cm incisions to gain access to, look at, and repair injuries both inside the shoulder joint, as well as the surrounding structures of the Acromioclavicular joint and scapula. The advantage to using the high def, and sometimes even 4K quality, scope for repairs is less damage to the muscle and surrounding tissue, same day procedures, and quicker rehab and recovery time. Through the scope, we can repair rotator cuff, biceps tendon, and labral tears; remove bursitis as well as impinging bone spurs, fix cartilage damage, and stabilize unstable shoulders.
The quick answer is that a total shoulder arthroplasty is a shoulder joint replacement. A total shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure to alleviate pain, improve range of motion and improve overall functional mobility. The procedure replaces the natural joint because of pain due to degenerative changes, osteoarthritis and severe rotator cuff dysfunction. It is successful in treating severe pain and stiffness in the shoulder. There are two types of total shoulder replacement procedures:
- Traditional Shoulder Replacement
- Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement
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JOI Rehab Has 13 Clinics That Treat Shoulder Pain
When treating patients for shoulder pain, clinicians typically concentrate on range-of-motion with active and passive mobility exercises. Joint mobilization, which is a hands-on technique to improve mobility of the joints, is another way to treat pain in the shoulder. In some cases, patients will undergo strength training as a way to treat their shoulder pain. Lastly, electrical modalities such as ultrasound and E-Stim (electric stimulation) may be used to remedy the pain.
Related Article: General Arthroscopy.
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