By General Info
Pilates is a method of exercise that consists of low impact flexibility and muscular strength and endurance movements. It is a system of exercises designed to improve physical strength, flexibility, posture and enhance mental awareness. Pilates is a series of about 500 exercises inspired by calisthenics, yoga and ballet. Pilates emphasizes the use of the core abdominals, lower back, hips and thighs. Each exercise is performed with attention to proper breathing and abdominal muscle control.
In the 1920’s, physical trainer Joseph Pilates introduced Pilates to America as a way to help injured athletes and dancers safely return to exercise and maintain their fitness. Since then, Pilates has been adapted to suit people in the general community. It caters for everyone from beginner to advanced. You can perform exercises using your own body weight, or with the help of various pieces of equipment. Pilates is different from yoga in that yoga is made up of a series of static postures, while Pilates is based on putting yourself into unstable postures and challenging your body by moving your limbs.
The two basic forms of Pilates are:
1) Mat-based Pilates – this is a series of exercises performed on the floor using gravity and your own body weight to provide resistance. The main aim is to condition the deeper, supporting muscles of your body to improve posture, balance, and coordination.
2) Equipment based Pilates –this includes specific equipment that works against spring-loaded resistance, including the ‘reformer’ which is a moveable carriage that you push and pull along its tracks. Some forms of Pilates include weights (such as dumbbells) and other types of small equipment that offer resistance to the muscles.
Health benefits of Pilates include:
- Improved flexibility
- Increased muscle strength and tone, particularly in abdominal muscles, lower back, hips and buttocks (core muscles)
- Enhanced muscular control of your back and limbs
- Improved posture
- Improved stabilization of your spine
- Safe rehabilitation of joint and spinal injuries
- Prevention of musculoskeletal injuries
- Improved concentration
- Increased lung capacity and circulation through deep breathing
- Relaxation of shoulders neck and upper back
- Stress management and relaxation
- Rehabilitation or prevention of injuries related to muscle imbalances