By Ehren Allen, Certified Manual Therapist/Physical Therapist

Osteoarthritis Overview

Osteoarthritis of the knee can be a debilitating injury, but it can be treated by an orthopedic surgeon.

Image of Knee with Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis, affecting about 30 million Americans. OA can form in any joint of the body but is usually seen in the major joints, such as the knees and hips. OA begins to form once the body’s natural shock absorber (cartilage) breaks down. Cartilage provides support in all of the body’s joints to allow for cushioning and easy gliding between the bones of a joint. Once this layer of cushion has been worn away the bones will grind on each other which will lead to increased pain and may cause the bones to break down.


Osteoarthritis Symptoms

OA symptoms and warning signs can come on slowly and build in intensity over time. Some of these signs include the following:

  • Pain: Hips/knees may experience pain after movement.
  • Stiffness: This may be especially noticeable after a period of rest or inactivity.
  • Popping, or grating: You may experience a grating sensation when bending the joint, or hear a pop.
  • Loss of flexibility: The joint may not be able to go through its full range of motion.

To learn More About the Anatomy of the Knee, please go to this KNEE VIDEO.

Causes and Risk Factors

Some causes of OA have been linked to the following:

  • Previous injuries: Any kind of injury puts you at an increased risk for OA, even if the injury occurred years ago.
  • Being overweight: Extra weight puts more pressure on weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees.
  • Imbalances of the hip and thigh musculature.

Osteoarthritis Treatment

Since there is no actual cure for osteoarthritis, there are a number of things your doctor may recommend. These may include the following:

  • Physical Therapy. Your PT will focus on giving you exercises tailored to strengthen your affected muscles.  Please call JOI Rehab at 858-7045.
  • A general increase in activity. Go on walks, do some light stretching, etc.
  • Weight loss.
  • Surgery. This is usually the last option, if other treatments have not been effective.


Where is Telemedicine frequently used?

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide Orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. Our physicians and Telehealth for Physical Therapy can evaluate you and provide the care you need.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.

If you need to make an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists, call JOI-2000 or click the banner below.


Book An Appointment with a JOI Physician


Skip to content