Myofascial Pain & Trigger Points

By Andrew Orpiano ATC

Myofascial Pain and Trigger Points

Myofascial pain, also known as trigger points are hyper sensitive areas within the muscle. Trigger points within the muscle is chronic or develops over time due to repetitive stress on the muscle.  This can occur during activity or lack of muscle activity such as immobilization. Therefore, active and latent trigger points are two types individuals may experience.  Active trigger points are more common. If an individual has an active trigger point, they would present with extreme tenderness and pain over the muscle. However, some trigger points may cause referred pain which symptoms may be felt in other areas in the body.

Trigger points can be usually found when palpating over the muscle.  In my experience they are described to be like a nodule or lump.  Individuals may complain of weakness or pain within the muscle during activity. I find most trigger points or myofascial pain can be found in the muscles of the low back. For some athletes, trigger points can be found in their lower extremity muscles especially their calves.

medical massage therapy

medical massage therapy

In my experience, most trigger points or myofascial pain can be treated conservatively. Individuals experiencing myofascial pain may be recommended physical therapy. Some of the therapy treatments for triggers points may include soft tissue mobilization or massage and stretching. For athletes, deep tissue massages, use of the foam rollers, and stretching daily will help treat and reduce the symptoms of a trigger point. Medical Massage like that discussed in this VIDEO may also help.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904) JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.

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