Knee Pain – Causes and Risk factors

By Andrew Heideman, PT/ATC


Knee Pain

Image of Person with Knee Pain

Causes and Risk Factors Related to Knee Pain

The causes of knee pain are very diverse and varying.

Aging: As we age the cartilage that surrounds and cushions the knee begins to wear away in the joint. As our cushioning layer of cartilage becomes less and less than your pain will increase. This condition can worsen until it’s bone on bone.

Trauma: Force to the knee that over powers the structure and leads to injury. An example is an ACL tear. During activity if the knee joint is extended forcefully like being tackled in football and the joint is also twisted than the ACL can rupture.

Weakness. If your muscles that support the knee are not strong than your knee will lack control and stability which can lead to pain.

Knee Pain Biomechanics

A classic example is that females usually have wider hips. Since female’s hips are wider it can cause the angle of the knee cap to not follow is normal path with movement of the knee.  Overuse: If the knee joint is continually pushed past its limit of tolerance than a physical breakdown will result leading to pain.  Obesity: The more load that the knee is forced to carry the more the negative stress on the joint.High Impact Activity: As with obesity the more stress of high load activity you put on your joint the more chance of injury.

JOI Offers Conservative Physical Therapy Approaches For Treating Knee Pain

It is not uncommon for people of various age groups to have knee pain. There are several different ways to treat pain in the knee in physical therapy. Strengthening is very important in order to obtain a full recovery.  Range-of-motion is also typically used as ways to treat those who are having painful knee symptoms. Lastly and perhaps most importantly is keeping up with your health. Weight loss and a healthy BMI are always recommended in the treatment of knee pain.

If you are interested in scheduling an appointment at JOI Rehab for physical therapy, call (904) 858-7045

Knee Pain

Causes and Risk Factors
Treatment Plans

If you would like to learn more about knee pain, go to our trending section: or to schedule an appointment with a Knee Orthopedic Physician.


Where is Telemedicine frequently used?

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. Our physicians and Telehealth for Physical Therapy can evaluate you and provide the care you need.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.


Book An Appointment with a JOI Physician

Skip to content