Knee Injuries/Surgeries

By Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

Common Knee Injuries and Surgeries

Though the knee is a very simple hinged joint, it is considered one of the most important joints when discussing human function. Furthermore, an injury to the knee can be devastating to a person and their activities of daily living. Also, common injuries that occur at the knee joint involve:

  • sprains or ruptures of the ligaments
  • tears of the medial or lateral meniscus
  • patella tendon strains/ruptures
  • patella-femoral pain
  • patella or knee cap fracture
  • arthritis
  • tendonitis
  • fractures of the boney structures
Knee Joint

Image of the Knee Joint






Knee Surgeries

Surgeries are widely used when the stability of the knee is compromised due to a rupture of the ligaments, for example the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). In addition, surgeons will replace the damaged ligament with a graft that may be used from the hamstring, patella tendon, or even from cadavers in order to create a taught ligament and reproduce stability in the knee.

Patella Fractures or Knee Cap Fractures

Patella or Knee Cap fractures can also occur in sports and auto accidents.  Falling directly on the knee, direct contact with the patella or your knee hitting the dashboard in an accident can fracture the patella or knee cap.  A patellar fracture can be displaced or non-displaced which can be determined by x-ray.  Depending on the fracture, these can heal with immobilization and non-weight bearing through the joint with the use of crutches or other devices.  Some patella fractures may require surgical intervention.

Also, meniscectomies are common if a patient has damaged cartilage which creates pain and instability. In addition, the orthopedic will remove the torn portion of the meniscus using an arthroscopic procedure. Total or Partial Knee Arthroplasty are typically for patients with degenerative or arthritic knees that develop over long periods of time. Prosthetic replicas of the tibia, femur, knee cap, and articular cartilage replace damaged anatomy.

If you would like to learn more about the knee joint, go to JOIONLINE.NET to our library or trending section.


All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. Our physicians and Telehealth for Physical Therapy can evaluate you and provide the care you need.

JOI Fracture & Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.

By: Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

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