By General Info
Common Knee Injuries and Surgeries
Though the knee is a very simple hinged joint, it is considered one of the most important joints when discussing human function. An injury to the knee can be devastating to a person and their activities of daily living. Common injuries that occur at the knee joint involve sprains or ruptures of the ligaments, tears of the medial or lateral meniscus, patella tendon strains/ruptures, patella-femoral pain, arthritis, tendonitis, and even fractures of the boney structures.
Surgeries are widely used when the stability of the knee is compromised due to a rupture of the ligaments, for example the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Surgeons will replace the damaged ligament with a graft that may be used from the hamstring, patella tendon, or even from cadavers in order to create a taught ligament and reproduce stability in the knee.
Meniscectomies are common technique used if a patient has damaged cartilage which creates pain and instability as well. The orthopedic will remove the torn portion of the meniscus using an arthroscopic procedure. Total or Partial Knee Arthroplasty are typically utilized for patients with degenerative or arthritic knees that develop over long periods of time. Prosthetic replicas of the tibia, femur, knee cap, and articular cartilage replace damaged anatomy. If you would like to learn more about the knee joint, go to JOIONLINE.NET to our library or trending section.