Joint replacement surgery
Joint Replacement Surgery Overview
Joint replacement surgery is a procedure in which part or all of an arthritic joint surface is removed and replaced with an implant. Many techniques and technologies have been developed to help improve the longevity and function of these implants. One of the most common areas of joint replacement surgery is performed at the base of the thumb, the first carpometacarpal (CMC) joint. In this case, the arthritic joint is removed and a living tendon is used to create a sling and a cushion that allows for pain relief and function for a lifetime. Other areas of joint replacement surgery advancement include the shoulder. A new prosthesis has been developed that works without the need of the all important rotator cuff muscle tendon unit. In addition, in the elbow, there are new resurfacing procedures that use tissue membrane as opposed to metal and plastic joint replacements.