Diabetic Foot Care
By General Info
Diabetes is a common metabolic disease that affects a person’s blood glucose (sugar) levels. There are several types of diabetes with Type 2 diabetes being the most common, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. If diabetes is left uncontrolled, several diseases can develop ranging from heart and blood vessel disease, to nerve disease (neuropathy), and even blindness. Development of these diseases can create further serious complications, such as ulcer formation, infection, and even amputation The vast complexity of diabetes brings up the importance of having a multidisciplinary approach to treatment of diabetes, prevention of more serious complications from developing.
Peripheral neuropathy is a common disease that arises from uncontrolled diabetes. It occurs as a result of extended periods of elevated blood sugar to the nerves. This results in damage to the nerves causing symptoms of numbness, tingling, and pain of the nerves affected. Diabetic neuropathy most commonly affects the nerves to the legs and feet, which leaves a person’s feet vulnerable to injury. A person with impaired sensation to their feet can overlook injury to their feet, which is why it is necessary to have a regular assessment on the skin and and vascularity of the feet.
Here are several tips to avoid complications of uncontrolled diabetes:
- Check blood sugar daily and take medication as prescribed by physician
- Control blood sugar with proper nutrition and low impact exercise
- Check your feet regularly for blisters, calluses, cuts, or color changes
- Wear protective closed-toe shoes
- Monitor the temperature of bath water to avoid burning feet
- Keep skin on feet clean and supple
- Manicure toe nails regularly