Is My Leg Broken?


How to tell if you have a Broken Leg

Syndesmosis Sprains are treated by orthopedic specialists.

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A broken leg can happen to everyone!  A trip and fall over kids toys, epic wipe out on a skateboard, or falling while saving a kitten from a tree can cause a broken leg.


The leg consists of 4 bones:  femur, patella, tibia, and fibula.  The femur is the large bone in the upper leg that is a part of the hip and knee joints.  The patella is the small bone that sits at the front of the knee, and the tibia and fibula are the 2 long bones in the lower leg.  The tibia is the larger bone and the fibula is the smaller bone that is situated on the outside of the lower leg.

A Broken Leg can occur at any time. An orthopedic specialist can help.

3D Rendering of human pelvis.

Broken Leg Causes

As mentioned before, a broken or fractured leg can happen from simple day to day tasks or from sports activities.  The patella is more involved in a trip and fall type accident due to the patient typically landing on a bent knee.  Fractures of both the femur and tibia usually involve accidents with more force, such as, being hit by a car.  The fibula can also be injured with direct force or by twisting the ankle and falling.

Signs and Symptoms of a Broken Leg

Some times a broken bone is obvious; such as a bone is sticking out of your skin or your leg is deformed.  Other times it is not as obvious.  Things you should look out for if you suspect a broken leg are:

  • Pain right after an fall or blow to the leg.
  • Swelling in the area of the injury.
  • Bruising.
  • Difficulty moving your leg.
  • Numbness or tingling in the area of the injury or lower in the leg.
  • Difficulty bearing weight in the leg.

Diagnosis of a Broken Leg

If you suspect you may have a broken leg, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.  An X-ray, or radiograph, is the gold standard for diagnosing a broken bone.  A fracture can be a small crack in the bone or a large displaced fracture where the bones are not in-line with each other.

Broken Leg Treatment

The treatment of the injury will be determined by the severity of the fracture.

  • Large fractures that cause a deformity or have broken through the skin will most always require surgery. This surgery requires some type of fixation such as a metal plate or screws placed by a surgeon.  After this, the leg is immobilized by some form of a cast or brace.
    • Restricting weight-bearing is also typical for fractures to the femur, tibia, and fibula.
  • Fractures to the patella may also require surgery and immobilization with weight-bearing typically being allowed sooner.
  • Smaller, non-displaced fractures will usually be treated by immobilization itself to allow for the healing to occur with variable weight-bearing restrictions depending on the bone which was broken.
    • The fibula is not considered a weight-bearing bone so a fracture to this may not require weight-bearing restrictions.
  • Physical therapy may also be needed following a fracture. These treatments include stretch the hip, knee, or ankle to decrease any stiffness from the immobilization and to strengthen the leg back to its normal strength.  This is vital to be able to walk and return to all daily tasks without limping.

Where is Telemedicine frequently used?

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. Our physicians and Telehealth for Physical Therapy can evaluate you and provide the care you need.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.

Book An Appointment with a JOI Physician using telemedicine.

Dr. Kevin Kaplan seeing a patient through telemedicine.

If you feel you may be suffering from a broken leg, our dedicated team of orthopedic specialists is ready to help you! To schedule an appointment call JOI-2000 or click the button below to schedule an appointment online.

Book An Appointment with a JOI Physician in Jax.

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By: Chad Evans, PT

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