Hip Anatomy

By Ehren Allen, Certified Manual Therapist/Physical Therapist

The Hip

By: Ehren Allen, Certified Manual Therapist/Physical Therapist

A hip is made up where the thigh bone meets the pelvis to form a ball-and-socket joint.

The hip joint consists of two main parts:

1) Femoral head – a ball-shaped piece of bone located at the top of your thigh bone, or femur

JOI - Femoral Head

Image of femoral head

2) Acetabulum – a socket in your pelvis into which the femoral head fits

JOI - Acetabulum

Image of acetabulum

Bands of tissue, called ligaments, connect the ball to the socket, stabilizing the hip and forming the joint capsule. The synovium is a thin membrane that lines to joint capsule. This membrance produces a viscous fluid to lubricate the joint. Fluid-filled sacs called bursae provide cushioning where there is friction between muscle, tendons and bones.
Large muscles surround the hip and support the joint and enable movement.

They include:

  • Gluteal muscles – muscles of the buttocks, located on the back of the hip
  • Adductor muscles – muscles of the inner thigh, which pull the leg inward
  • Iliopsoas muscle – a muscle that begins in the lower back and connects to the upper femur
  • Quadriceps – four muscles on the front of the thigh that run from the hip to the knee
  • Hamstrings – muscles on the back of the thigh, which run from the hip to just below the knee

Are you experiencing lasting hip pain? Read up on different stretching techniques designed to reduce your pain.

Several Approaches To Treating Hip Pain With JOI Physcial Therapy

Despite hip pain being a common complaint amongst all people, there are a few easy forms of physical therapy which can help. Exercises for core strength and stability are used to treat and prevent pain in the hips. Ergonomic education is instrumental in treating hip pain, as the source of most of the pain comes from how people sit and/or stand for long periods of time. Lastly and perhaps most importantly is keeping up with your health. Weight loss and a healthy BMI are always recommended in the treatment of hip pain.

If you are interested in scheduling an appointment at JOI Rehab for physical therapy, call (904) 858-7045. Come see us!

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