By General Info
General Arthroscopy is a type of surgical procedure which allows surgeons to look into affected joints to diagnosis and treat small problems. Some common injuries treated are meniscal and cartilage tears in knees and labrum tears in shoulders and hips. The procedure is minimally invasive and involves making just a few small incisions around the affected joint. Once the incisions are made, a small camera, which measures about the size of a pencil, is inserted into the joint to find the problem. Water is constantly flushed through the joint to increase visibility that is usually obstructed by blood. Once the problem is found, other instruments are inserted through the remaining incisions to fix the problem. A common application for the knee is removing the damaged pieces of cartilage or meniscus, leaving the healthy pieces intact to heal. Arthritis on bones in the joint may also be smoothed out if it is causing pain or damage to the surrounding tissues. In some cases, the tears in the joint, such as cartilage or labrum, may be repaired depending on severity and surrounding healthy tissue. Regardless of what is done inside joint, an arthroscopy is an outpatient procedure and patients will almost always go home the same day the surgery is performed.