Foot Anatomy

By Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

Foot Anatomy


The feet are flexible structures of bones, joints, muscles, and soft tissues. They allow us to perform activities like walking, running, and jumping.

The foot is divided into three sections:

  • The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).
  • The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.
  • The hind foot forms the heel and ankle. The talus bone supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula), forming the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest bone in the foot.
Ankle Joint

Anatomy of the Ankle

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments run along the surfaces of the feet. This allows the complex movements that are required for motion and balance. The Achilles tendon connects the heel to the calf muscle and is essential for running, jumping, and standing on the toes. The plantar fascia is a fibrous band of tissue located at the bottom of the foot. Also, it is a common source of pain in the foot when it becomes inflamed.

Foot Anatomy

Muscles and Tendons of the Foot

Related Articles: Torn Ligament or Tendon in the Foot and Ligaments of the Foot.

Treatment of the Foot at JOI Rehab

Whether you are suffering from foot issues, joint pain, or injuries resulting from any type of activity, give us a call.  JOI has 12 physical therapy clinics conveniently located in Jacksonville and Northeast FL.  Therefore, our goal is to get you back to the activities and sports that you love.

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home.

  • To schedule a new patient or follow up patient appointment with your MD, please call (904)JOI-2000.
  • Finally, to schedule an appointment for physical or occupational therapy, call 904-858-7045 or call any of the 12 area JOI Rehab Centers.
Learn more about Plantar Fasciitis Here

Plantar Fasciitis

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904) JOI-2000. Furthermore, this is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury.

By: Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

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