The Foot Anatomy

By Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

What are the Parts of the Foot Called?

The feet are flexible structures of bones, joints, muscles, and soft tissues. They allow us to perform activities like walking, running, and jumping.

The foot is divided into three sections:

  • The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).
  • The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.
  • The hind foot forms the heel and ankle. The talus bone supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula), forming the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest bone in the foot.
  • Meet our team of Foot and Ankle Doctors that treat injuries to the foot & ankle.
A foot diagram showing bottom of foot anatomy of a foot or bottom of foot anatomy. JOI Rehab

Illustration of the foot muscles and tendons

Foot Anatomy Muscles

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments run along the surfaces of the feet. This allows the complex movements that are required for motion and balance. The Achilles tendon connects the heel to the calf muscle and is essential for running, jumping, and standing on the toes. The plantar fascia is a fibrous band of tissue located at the bottom of the foot. Also, it is a common source of pain in the foot when it becomes inflamed.

bottom of Foot diagram showing the bottom anatomy of a foot. JOI Rehab

Muscles of the Foot

Related Articles:

Related Video:  Best Ankle Exercises 

Treatment of the Foot at JOI Rehab

Whether you are suffering from foot issues, joint pain, or injuries resulting from any type of activity, give us a call.  JOI has 12 physical therapy clinics conveniently located in Jacksonville and Northeast FL.  Therefore, our goal is to get you back to the activities and sports that you love.

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home.

  • To schedule a new patient or follow up patient appointment with your MD, please call (904)JOI-2000.
  • Finally, to schedule an appointment for physical or occupational therapy, call 904-858-7045 or call any of the 12 area JOI Rehab Centers.

By: Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

Book An Appointment with a JOI Physician

JOI Rehab


Skip to content