Foot Anatomy

By Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

Foot Ligaments and Anatomy

The feet are flexible structures of bones, joints, muscles, and soft tissues that allow us to perform activities like walking, running, and jumping.

The foot is divided into three sections:

  • The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).
  • The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.
  • The hind foot forms the heel and ankle. The talus bone supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula), forming the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest bone in the foot.
    JOI Foot Anatomy treatment.

    Model of the Foot.

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments run along the surfaces of the feet, allowing the complex movements that are required for motion and balance. The Achilles tendon connects the heel to the calf muscle and is essential for running, jumping, and standing on the toes. The plantar fascia is a fibrous band of tissue located at the bottom of the foot.  It is a common source of pain in the foot when it becomes inflamed.

Foot Anatomy and JOI Rehab

Whether you are suffering from foot issues, joint pain, or injuries resulting from any type of activity, JOI has 12 physical therapy clinics conveniently located in Jacksonville and Northeast FL who specialize in orthopedic rehab.

Where is Telemedicine frequently used?

All JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. Our physicians and Telehealth for Physical Therapy can evaluate you and provide the care you need.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.

By: Drew Heideman, MPT, ATC, PES

Book An Appointment with a JOI Physician

If you are interested in scheduling an appointment at JOI Rehab for physical therapy, call (904) 858-7045. Come see us!


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