Foot Anatomy

By General Info

Foot Ligaments and Anatomy

The feet are flexible structures of bones, joints, muscles, and soft tissues that allow us to perform activities like walking, running, and jumping. The foot is divided into three sections:
• The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals).

JOI Foot Anatomy

Model of the Foot

JOI Foot Anatomy

Foot Model


• The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone.
• The hind foot forms the heel and ankle. The talus bone supports the leg bones (tibia and fibula), forming the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest bone in the foot.
Muscles, tendons, and ligaments run along the surfaces of the feet, allowing the complex movements that are required for motion and balance. The Achilles tendon connects the heel to the calf muscle and is essential for running, jumping, and standing on the toes.  The plantar fascia is a fibrous band of tissue located at the bottom of the foot.  It is a common source of pain in the foot when it becomes inflamed.

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