By Meghan Sink, MS, ATC, LAT
What is a Contusion or Bruise?
Contusions, more commonly known as bruises, occur with a direct or repeated blows to the muscle. This causes small blood vessels under the skin to tear or rupture, leading to discoloration of the skin. Contusions are usually minor and heal with at home treatment. Some treatment options to increase healing time include ice, rest, and elevation. If the contusion is accompanied by extreme pain, swelling or redness, or you are unable to move the joint, you should see a doctor to rule out other injuries. Contusions can also occur to the brain after a head injury. It is best to seek medical attention in these cases to determine the extent of injury.