By Meghan Sink, MS, ATC, LAT

What is a Contusion or Bruise?

Contusions, more commonly known as bruises, occur with a direct or repeated blows to the muscle. This causes small blood vessels under the skin to tear or rupture, leading to discoloration of the skin. Contusions are usually minor and heal with at home treatment. Some treatment options to increase healing time include ice, rest, and elevation. If the contusion is accompanied by extreme pain, swelling or redness, or you are unable to move the joint, you should see a doctor to rule out other injuries. Contusions can also occur to the brain after a head injury. It is best to seek medical attention in these cases to determine the extent of injury.

It is often hard to tell the difference between a contusion and a more serious injury.  Often, you can get a bruise or contusion with more serious injuries like a fracture or broken bone.  If you pain does not decrease or you cannot put weight on your injured leg, you should seek out an evaluation from a physician.

JOI Contusions

Sports Injuries written on running track






JOI and JOI Rehab

JOI Physicians continue to offer online new patient appointments. This is another option to make it more convenient to make new patient appointments with less phone hold times. Follow the link below to select your JOI MD and schedule online.

You can still call 904-JOI-2000 to make new patient JOI Physician Appointments if that is your preference.

To make appointments with JOI Rehab, please call 904-858-7045.

By: Meghan Sink, MS, ATC, LAT

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