Bones in The Toes

By Stacey Vanorny

Bones in the Toes

The bones of the foot anatomy.

Cellulitis of the foot is a treatable condition.

The foot consists of the big toe, also known as the hallux, and four toes, also known as phalanges. All are bones in the toes.  Each phalange consists of 3 phalanx bones, a proximal, middle, and distal phalanx. These bones are connected via the PIP, IP, and DIP joint respectively.  The hallux, however, only contains two phalanx bones, a proximal and distal phalanx. These bones are connected via a PIP and DIP joint respectively. The phalanges attach to the long metatarsal bones of the foot via an interphalangeal joint. 

Though the joints and bones in the toes are small they are important for healthy foot functioning. The toes and joints endure significant impact and play a crucial role in weight-bearing. Both running and walking gait requires a certain amount of big toe extension to get through a late-stance phase of gait without compensation. Big toe extension of at least 50 degrees is required for normal walking ability while 70 degrees of extension is required for running. Limitations in the movement of the toes, especially the hallux, can significantly impair walking and running ability.

Common Causes of Pain in the Toes:

Gout: This is an inflammatory condition in which crystals occasionally deposit in the joints causing severe pain and swelling. Gout is most commonly seen in the big toe.

Bunion: Also referred to as Hallux Valgus, this is a condition in which a bony prominence forms next to the base of the big toe causing the big toe to turn inward. This is typically caused by heredity or ill fitting footwear.

Mallet Toe: Mallet toe is a condition where the joint in the middle of the toe is flexed and unable to straighten. This will cause the toe to point downward.

Claw Toe: This is an abnormal contraction of the joints in the toes causing a claw like appearance. This condition is rather painful and requires a change in footwear.

Turf Toe: Turf toe is a sprain to the ligament at the base of the big toe. This occurs when excessive force is applied to the joint while the joint is in a flexed position. This is a common sports injury that occurs with running and cutting motions.

What JOI has to offer?

JOI has a dedicated team of physicians that are dedicated to your orthopedic treatment. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above and would like to see a physician regarding this, JOI offers six different MD locations and they are located throughout the northeast Florida area. 

• JOI MD Locations

Baptist South, Baptist Beaches, Baptist Clay, Nassau, Riverside and San Marco

JOI also offers physical therapy in numerous areas in northeast Florida if your referring MD feels physical therapy would assist you in relieving of these symptoms

• JOI Physical Therapy Locations

Arlington, Riverside, San Marco, Fleming, South, Mandarin, North, Nocatee, Nassau, Point Meadows, Beaches and World Golf Village

Call JOI-2000 if you have any questions!


JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP fracture and injury care. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000.

Please do not hesitate to call JOI for your medical needs. We have surgeons that can help diagnosis your tear and therapy staff waiting to help rehab you back to full health! Please call JOI-2000 or click the banner below to schedule with one of our specialists.

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By: Stacey Vanorny

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