Bones in The Toes

By Stacey Vanorny

Bones in the Toes

The foot consists of the big toe, also known as the hallux, and four toes, also known as phalanges. All are bones in the toes.  Each phalange consists of 3 phalanx bones, a proximal, middle, and distal phalanx. These bones are connected via the PIP, IP, and DIP joints, respectively.  The hallux, however, only contains two phalanx bones, a proximal and distal phalanx. These bones are connected via a PIP and DIP joint, respectively. The phalanges attach to the long metatarsal bones of the foot via an interphalangeal joint.

Anatomy of the foot with bones in toes. Toe bones can include the proximal phalanx foot bone.

Anatomy of bones of the foot

Though the joints and bones in the toes are small, they are important for healthy foot functioning. The toes and joints endure significant impact and play a crucial role in weight-bearing. Both running and walking gait require a certain amount of big toe extension to get through a late-stance phase of gait without compensation. Big toe extension of at least 50 degrees is required for normal walking ability, while 70 degrees of extension is required for running. Limitations in the toes’ movement, especially the hallux, can significantly impair walking and running ability.

Bones in the foot toes and foot

Foot and Toe Anatomy

Common Causes of Pain in Toe Bones:

Gout: This is an inflammatory condition in which crystals occasionally deposit in the joints causing severe pain and swelling. Gout is most common in the big toe.

Bunion: Also referred to as Hallux Valgus, this is a condition in which a bony prominence forms next to the base of the big toe, causing the big toe to turn inward. This is typically caused by heredity or ill-fitting footwear.

Mallet Toe: Mallet’s toe is a condition where the joint in the middle of the toe is flexed and unable to straighten. This will cause the toe to point downward.

Claw Toe: This is an abnormal contraction of the joints in the toes, causing a claw-like appearance. This condition is rather painful and requires a change in footwear.

Turf Toe: Turf toe is a sprain to the ligament at the base of the big toe. This occurs when excessive force is applied to the joint while the joint is in a flexed position. This is a common sports injury that occurs with running and cutting motions.

Foot Doctors in Jacksonville

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above and would like to see a physician regarding this, JOI offers six different MD locations, and they are located throughout the northeast Florida area.  Let JOI get you on the road to recovery.

JOI MD Locations

Baptist South, Baptist Beaches, Baptist Clay, Nassau and San Marco

JOI also offers physical therapy in numerous areas in northeast Florida if your referring MD feels physical therapy would assist you in relieving these symptoms

JOI Physical Therapy Locations

Arlington, Riverside, San Marco, Fleming, South, Mandarin, North, Nocatee, Nassau, Point Meadows, Beaches, and World Golf Village

Call 904 858-7045 for a Physical Therapy appointment at JOI Rehab.

Related Articles: Bones in the wrist and Bones in the Neck.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP fracture and injury care. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury.  Make an appointment by calling (904) JOI-2000.

Please do not hesitate to call JOI for your medical needs. We have surgeons who can help diagnose your tear and therapy staff, waiting to help rehab you back to full health! Please call JOI-2000 or click the banner below to schedule with one of our specialists.

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By: Ehren Allen, PT

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