Ankle Injuries

By Thomas Gorman, ATC

Ankle Injuries

Ankle injuries are among the most common injuries involving bone and joint. Many people have difficulty distinguishing between an ankle fracture (broken bone) vs an ankle sprain following an injury to the ankle. In order to differentiate between the two, signs and symptoms must be considered. It is difficult to rule out a fracture without the use of x-rays.

Ankles Injuries

Image of the Foot and Ankle.





Broken or Fractured Ankle

A broken ankle involves fracturing one of the bones that makes up the ankle joint. This includes the tibia (the main bone of the lower leg), the fibula (the smaller bone on the outside of the lower leg), or the talus, making up the top of the joint. A broken ankle is considered to be any chip, crack, or break to any of these bones.

Fractures can occur in a variety of ways but typically occur as a result of severe force to the joint, by rolling the ankle on the side, or even extreme flexing or extending of the joint.

Symptoms of a Broken Ankle

Signs and symptoms of a broken ankle may include, but are not limited to:

  • Pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Difficulty walking.
  • Deformities of the bones around the ankle & bruising.

Treatment of a fracture varies depending on the severity and type. It is best to consult with an orthopedic physician to discuss the options available to you.

Sprained Ankle

Sprained ankles are extremely common, especially when it pertains to sports injuries. The difference between a broken ankle and a sprain is that there is no fracture, chip or crack in any of the bones in the ankle. In a sprained ankle, one or more of the ligaments that surround the joint have been stretched or torn due to some outside injury. The ligaments attach bone to bone in a joint and help provide stability. Depending on the severity of the sprain, an orthopedic doctor may treat it with immobilization, crutches, and/or physical therapy.

The physical therapists at Jacksonville Orthopedic Institute can help restore mobility and strength in the ankle for both fractures and sprains alike.

Ankle Anatomy

Foot Muscles and Tendons

How To Treat Ankle Pain With JOI Physical Therapy

When treating patients for ankle pain, JOI Rehab clinicians will commonly focus on range-of-motion with active and passive mobility exercises. Another form of therapy is strength training. This will help with stability of the ankle. Balance position sense is another key factor in treating ankle pain and preventing patients from losing their sense of balance due to ankle injuries. Different pairs of shoes may also help with healing ankle pains. Lastly and perhaps most importantly is keeping up with your health. Weight loss and a healthy BMI are always recommended in the treatment of ankle pain.

JOI Fracture and Injury Care

JOI Physicians are currently offering ASAP Fracture care. Make an appointment by calling (904)JOI-2000. This is a new option for patients who would like to avoid the emergency room if they have suffered a fracture or soft tissue injury. To learn more about this service, read this article about fracture and injury care.

Telemedicine or Virtual Visits

The JOI Physicians, Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists now offer Telemedicine services for virtual visits from the convenience of your home. If you feel that it is best to stay in your own home during this time, we can still provide orthopaedic Telehealth services for you. Through the download of the free Zoom app on the your phone, tablet or laptop. appointment with your MD, please call (904)JOI-2000 or read more here about our orthopedic telemedicine providers.

  • To schedule an appointment for physical or occupational therapy, call 904-858-7045 or call any of the 12 area JOI Rehab Centers.

If you are interested in scheduling an appointment at JOI Rehab for physical therapy, call (904) 858-7045 or click the banner below.

By: Thomas Gorman, ATC

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